Round-up March 21st – 27th

Last week was the American College of Medical Genetics’ annual conference. I’ve yet to find a good write up or summary anywhere!?

Where do cancer causing mutations come from? Traditionally, we have focused on inherited mutations, and environmentally caused mutations. But there is a third source, arising from errors in DNA replication. A study in science reports that this third source, which are unavoidable, are responsible for two thirds of mutations in cancer. This strong role for “bad luck” (rather than behavior) has previously caused controversy.

study in Nature uses the mutational signatures of cells of adults to elucidate facts about the very earliest stages of embryonic development. They report that each cell division results in three new mutations, and that the two daughter cells tend to contribute to cell numbers in a 2:1 ratio.

GSK and Regeneron have teamed up with the UK BioBank, to sequence the genomes of the 500,000 individuals who are part of the BioBank cohort, with 50,000 expected in 2017. The ten year old UK BioBank is a cohort of individuals with extensive health records, described as “the world’s most comprehensive health resource”.

The chromosomal level abnormalities underlying different types of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) have been known for a while; a large study correlates this with underlying mutational changes, allowing for subtyping the disease.

CAP and AMP publish guidelines for the validation and monitoring of NGS based somatic panels.

personal story about why it is so important that we do not allow GINA’s protections to be eroded, form a woman who speaks of “mutants like me”.

Making the case for the role of bioethicists in a healthy research environment.

As rounded-up last week, the results of the PSCK9 trial were generally perceived as underwhelming. But, Robert Plenge writes, as a proof of concept for genomic based medicine, the results were encouraging.

Variants that affect splicing have a good chance of being disease causing. Its often not possible to assess whether a variant affects splicing computationally; an experimental technique using a hybrid minigene based method.

study showing that recurrent pregnancy loss is associated with lower number of copy number variants in the placenta.

An information-theoretic approach to the epigenome.

variant in MAOA (one of the most controversial genes in the genome, sometimes called the warrior gene), already linked to alcoholism and smoking behavior, has been linked to heroin addiction.

 

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